These colored pencil techniques cover the 5 main ways that you make marks with colored pencils: stippling, hatching, cross-hatching, back and forth stroke, and scumbling.
1. stippling – Stippling involves placing lots of tiny dots on your paper. The dots can be close together, far apart, or anywhere in between! Practice stippling by drawing dots that are close together and also by drawing dots that have more distance between them. Also, notice the difference between dots made when the pencil is sharp vs. when the pencil point is dull. Stippling is a great way to add some interesting texture to a drawing.
2. hatching – Hatching involves drawing a series of parallel lines. These lines all go in the same direction. The lines can be close together, far apart, or any variation in between. The pencil is lifted from the paper after each line and then placed down again to create a new line.
3. cross-hatching – Cross-hatching involves drawing a series of parallel lines (hatching) and then drawing another series of parallel lines going in another direction on top of the first set of lines. This is a great way to create shading in a drawing. You can create some interesting textures through cross-hatching. This technique is good for: Color mixing and Creating and even texture.
4. back and forth stroke – The back and forth stroke is probably the most common of all the colored pencil techniques. This is probably how you drew with crayons as a kid! Basically, you just put your pencil on the paper and draw in a continuous back and forth motion, without lifting your pencil off of the paper. This is a good way to fill different areas of your drawing with a lot of solid color.
5. scumbling – Scumbling is another technique you probably used as a kid without even knowing that it had a name! Scumbling involves making continuous circular marks on your paper, without lifting your pencil. This is another good way to fill in different areas with lots of color. This technique is used for Filling a large space with a single color evenly, Creating and even texture/ tone and Coloring accurately.
Colour an area and draw softly over it with a lighter colour so the original area shows through.
Lay different colours on top of each other to achieve a large range of colours and shades.
You can use them to make transitions from a light to a darker tone or even from one colour to another.
To polish colours, use a white colour pencil across the colours you have already laid down. Further layers of this technique allow you to blend as well as lighten up the colours.